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Central Sleep Apnea - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Posted by Yogesh Nadar on

Central sleep apnea, a sleep disorder characterized by breathing pauses during sleep, requires comprehensive understanding for effective management. This blog delves into the central sleep apnea symptoms, causes, and treatment options associated with central sleep apnea. By shedding light on this condition, we aim to clarify its nuances.

Central Sleep Apnea Causes

Central sleep apnea arises due to various factors, including:

  • Medical Needs: Certain medical conditions, such as congestive heart failure, stroke, brainstem lesions, and kidney failure, can cause central sleep apnea by disrupting the brain's control over respiratory patterns.
  • Medications: Opioid analgesics, sedatives, and sleep aids that depress the central nervous system can contribute to central sleep apnea.
  • High Altitude: Living at high altitudes with low oxygen levels can induce central sleep apnea in susceptible people, highlighting the importance of environmental factors.

Symptoms of Central Sleep Apnea

Recognising the symptoms of central sleep apnea is crucial for facilitating early detection and effective treatment. Typical symptoms consist of:

  • Pauses in Breathing: Individuals with central sleep apnea experience episodes of respiratory cessation ranging from a few seconds to several minutes during sleep.
  • Daytime Fatigue: The disrupted sleep caused by central sleep apnea daytime symptoms are drowsiness and persistent fatigue, negatively impacting daily functioning.
  • Morning headaches: Frequent morning migraines may indicate central sleep apnea daytime symptoms, which disrupts standard sleep patterns.
  • Cognitive Impairment: Central sleep apnea can impair cognitive functions, including concentration, memory, and learning capacities.
  • Mood Swings: Chronic sleep deprivation brought on by central sleep apnea can contribute to irritability, mood fluctuations, and even depression, highlighting the significance of early intervention.

Treating Central Sleep Apnea

Treating the underlying causes of central sleep apnea and enhancing sleep breathing are necessary for managing the condition. Common treatment options include the following:

  • Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) Therapy: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) machines are the most common treatment for central sleep apnea. These devices deliver pressurised air to maintain an open airway and promote normal respiration. CPAP machines are effective for most patients, while BiPAP machines are recommended for patients with severe respiratory issues.

Various brands of these machines are available online or even offline in stores. Resmed cpap machine is an established brand known for its easy-to-use features and affordable prices. Another known brand is BMC bipap machines they also comprise easy-to-use features, portable machines and cost-effectiveness.

  • Adaptive Servo-Ventilation (ASV): ASV is a specialised form of PAP therapy that uses advanced algorithms to administer varying pressure levels based on a person's breathing patterns. This treatment option is especially advantageous for those with central sleep apnea and Cheyne-Stokes respiration.
  • Medications: In some instances, healthcare professionals may prescribe medications such as acetazolamide or theophylline to stimulate respiration and reduce central sleep apnea episodes. Medications are frequently used in conjunction with other interventions.
  • Oxygen supply therapy: Supplemental oxygen may be prescribed to enhance oxygen levels during sleep, particularly when central sleep apnea is associated with high altitudes or conditions that affect oxygen saturation.
  • Lifestyle: Modifications to Lifestyle Adopting a healthful lifestyle can improve sleep quality and central sleep apnea symptoms. Maintaining a regular sleep schedule, avoiding alcohol and sedatives, maintaining a healthy weight, and engaging in regular physical activity can all enhance well-being.

Treatment of Paediatric Central Sleep Apnea

When addressing central sleep apnea in children, treatment approaches may differ slightly. Pediatric central sleep apnea treatment options include:

  • Children may be prescribed medications such as acetazolamide and theophylline to enhance respiratory control while sleeping.
  • When adjusted to the child's comfort and requirements, CPAP or BiPAP machines can effectively manage central sleep apnea.

Whether you need a sleep apnea machine for treating a child or an adult, choose the right product as per their symptoms and needs. It’s always better to consult a doctor before buying any medical equipment. Tentabs, a trusted online retailer of hospital equipment, sells sleep apnea machines online from various brands. You can go through our collection and read the reviews or connect with our customer support team for a better experience.

The Difference between CPAP and BiPAP Devices

It is crucial to understand the differences between CPAP and BiPAP machines:

  • CPAP machines provide constant and continuous pressure throughout the entire breathing cycle, whereas BiPAP machines provide varying pressure levels during inhalation and exhalation.
  • BiPAP machines administer a higher pressure during inhalation and a lower pressure during exhalation, making them more comfortable for those who have difficulty exhaling against pressure.
  • Before purchasing a cpap machine, conduct an extensive investigation about how cpap machine works. Comprehend the maintenance and safety guidelines for the patient's health. If you’re willing to cpap and bipap machine online, conduct a thorough research about the brand reputation, customer feedback, and safety guidelines.

Central sleep apnea substantially impacts a person's quality of life, manifesting as daytime fatigue, cognitive impairments, and other health complications. Individuals can recover from restful sleep and enhance their overall health by recognising the causes and symptoms and pursuing the appropriate treatment options. Effectively managing central sleep apnea, whether with CPAP or BiPAP machines, medications, or lifestyle changes, enables individuals to embrace a healthier sleep pattern and lead fulfilling lives. Before using them for treatment, it is also necessary to know the difference between cpap and bipap machines.

Remember, if you think that you or a loved one has central sleep apnea, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and a personalised treatment plan.

Further Read - Best CPAP Machines for Sleep Apnea


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